Whatever your need is for sensitive and/or quantitative detection, whether you're measuring low concentrations of antigen, analyzing cellular regulation, conducting quality control studies, or addressing a different challenge, RayBiotech has you covered. With ELISA Kits that blend high quality performance with competitive pricing, you’ll generate more reliable data for confident decision-making.


Choose RayBiotech ELISA Kits for Affordable Performance

Helping scientists generate data quickly and confidently is at the heart of what we do at RayBiotech, and one reason we’ve built such a large number of targets and validated antibody pairs. With over 6,000 targets from 17 different species, you’re bound to find a ready-made reagent to get your studies off the ground quickly.

But a reagent is only as good as the care that goes into its manufacturing and quality control, which is why we manufacture all ELISA Kits on-site in our facility in Peachtree Corners, Georgia, USA. From the production and validation of antibody pairs that recognize a wide variety of soluble proteins (cytokines, growth factors, signaling molecules), transcription factors, and post-translational modifications to the buffers and related reagents needed to complete the ELISA, we conduct rigorous quality control and validation studies so you can be confident in our data.

ELISA Kit Categories

Sandwich ELISA

Get reliable and reproducible quantitative detection based on well-validated antibody pairs.

Competitive ELISA/Inhibition ELISA

Obtain accurate and precise analyte quantitation even in the absence of paired capture-detection antibodies.

Indirect ELISA

Achieve highly sensitive quantitation of antibodies in your sample with an indirect ELISA kit.

Phosphorylation ELISA

Detect and quantify protein phosphorylation, such as for signaling and regulatory control.

Cell-Based ELISA

Move quickly with the ability to conduct ELISAs directly on cells—no lysate preparation needed.


Achieve ultra sensitive quantitation while conserving limiting sample.

Transcription Factor ELISA

Achieve easy, speedy, sensitive and high-throughput measurement of transcription factor activation.

Bridging ELISA

Quantify therapeutic antibodies and anti-drug antibodies with ELISAs that detect antigens with two or more identical binding sites.

Ligand Binding Assays

Conduct rapid, high-throughput screening and measurement of receptor-target or drug-target interactions.

ELISA Buffers and Reagents

Find everything you need to process your samples, run ELISAs, and produce results you can trust.

Popular ELISA Kits

New Products

What customers are saying

“Amazing kit [Mouse Copeptin EIA, Cat# EIAM-COP]. Easy to handle, convenient based on incubation time. Highly sensitive, gives me appropriate results. Awesome product!!!“


University of Tennessee Health Science Center

“The Phospho-PTEN (S380)/ total PTEN ELISA [CAT# PEL-PTEN-S380-T] works very well and gives repetitive and accurate results with lysates from cancer cell lines.”


Australis Pharmaceuticals


Featured Service

ELISA Services

Maximize operational efficiency while receiving data you can depend on when you trust your ELISA service needs to the experienced scientists at RayBiotech.

Rigorous Testing for Quality You Can Trust

At RayBiotech, we take our product quality very seriously. We apply a battery of rigorous product-specific quality control tests to ensure your experiments are set up to produce high-quality results.

Reproducibility and Precision

We evaluate intra-assay reproducibility on sandwich ELISA kits by running 2-3 positive control samples in duplicate on a single plate (maximum tolerance = 10% CV). We use 2-3 positive control samples and a full standard curve (maximum tolerance = 12% CV) in at least 2 independent experiments. Our lot-to-lot consistency is tested by comparing calculated concentrations of the 2-3 positive control samples with calibration curves of the current lot and previous lot (maximum tolerance = 20% CV).

Dilution Linearity and Recovery

We determine recovery by spiking various levels of target protein into biological samples. Our dilution linearity is tested by performing 2-fold and 4-fold dilutions. Recoveries typically range from 80-130% (maximum tolerance 70-150%). The biological samples tested include serum, EDTA plasma, citrate plasma, heparin plasma (normal healthy donors), and cell culture medium (DMEM or 1640). This testing series determines our recommended dilution ranges for serum and plasma. For lysate-specific sandwich ELISAs (catalog numbers ending in “-CL”), sample types include cell lysates and tissue homogenates of various origins.

Four Steps to Antigen Analysis

Each type of ELISA works a little differently, but they all follow the same basic process:

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Plate coating

First, antigens are directly or indirectly immobilized on the surface of micropates.

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Plate Blocking

Next, a blocking buffer containing an irrelevant protein is added to bind to the remaining surfaces.

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Antibody Incubation

Then, an antigen-specific antibody is added. It binds to the antigens during the incubation step.

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Finally, the signal generated by the direct or secondary tag on the antibody is detected and measured.

Frequently Asked Questions

Still have questions?

An ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a technique used to measure the presence or concentration of antibodies, antigens, proteins, and glycoproteins in biological samples. They're used in various applications, including drug discovery, clinical diagnostics, and biopharmaceutical research.

Our ELISA kits typically contain:

  • Pre-Coated 96-well Strip Microplate
  • Wash Buffer
  • Stop Solution
  • Assay Diluent(s)
  • Lyophilized Standard
  • Biotinylated Detection Antibody
  • Streptavidin-Conjugated HRP
  • TMB One-Step Substrate

Custom ELISAs with an extended (typically 4 - 7 week) lead time contain antibody pairs and standards validated for multiplex array products, but not for the 96-well plate ELISA format. Therefore, they require a development and quality control phase, which we begin after we receive an order for the kit.

Kits that have already undergone development and passed RayBiotech's ELISA quality control tests have shorter (typically 1-2 day) lead times.

If the entire 96 well plate is used in 1 experiment, you can test 40 samples in duplicate. Each experiment requires an 8-point standard curve run in duplicate (16 wells total), which leaves 80 wells.

If you choose to use one plate in multiple experiments, we highly recommend including a new standard curve with every run. This reduces the number of potential samples by 8 (to account for the new standard curve points) but allows you to accurately interpret your results.

RayBio Sandwich ELISA kits do not contain biological reference samples. The recombinant standard may serve as a positive control or may be used for spike recovery studies.

The kit may have diminished activity after an extended period at room temperature, but it is most likely still usable, especially if left out for only a small amount of time. The most temperature-sensitive components in the kit are the standards, HRP-streptavidin, and detection antibody.

At RayBiotech we take our product quality very seriously. Every kit we produce is subjected to a battery of rigorous product-specific quality control tests and manufactured in compliance with GMP and ISO 13485 standards. Our Quality Statement can be viewed here.

Reproducibility and Precision

Our sandwich ELISA kits are evaluated for intra-assay reproducibility by running 2-3 positive control samples in duplicate on a single plate (maximum tolerance = 10% CV). Inter-assay reproducibility is evaluated by at least 2 independent experiments with 2-3 positive control samples and a full standard curve (maximum tolerance = 12% CV). Lot-to-lot consistency is tested by comparing calculated concentrations of 2-3 positive control samples with calibration curves of current lot and previous lot (maximum tolerance = 20% CV).

Dilution Linearity and Recovery

Recovery is determined by spiking various levels of target protein into biological samples. Dilution linearity is tested by performing 2-fold and 4-fold dilutions of biological samples. Recoveries typically range from 80-130% (maximum tolerance 70-150%). Tested biological sample types include serum, EDTA plasma, citrate plasma, heparin plasma (normal healthy donors) and cell culture medium (DMEM or 1640). Recommended dilution ranges for serum and plasma are determined from this testing series. For lysate-specific sandwich ELISAs (catalog numbers ending in "-CL"), sample types include cell lysates and tissue homogenates of various origins.

Our tips for sample preparation can be found here:

Tips on Sample Preparation

The ELISA kits with catalog numbers ending in "-CL" are optimized and validated for use with cell and tissue lysate samples. All other ELISA and EIA kits (catalog numbers without "-CL") have not been validated by RayBiotech with cell or tissue lysates, however RayBio kits can generally accommodate many different samples types. All RayBio Phosphorylation ELISA kits are validated with cell lysates.

When testing lysate samples, RayBiotech recommends diluting the samples at least 5-fold with the appropriate diluent buffer indicated in the protocol. This dilution minimizes interference caused by the detergents present in the lysis buffer. The recommended total protein concentration of your lysate is at least 1 mg/ml. The original lysate should then be diluted (5-fold or more is preferred) to a working concentration range of 50-500 µg/ml. Please note that these concentration ranges represent a starting point and may need to be further optimized by the researcher.

RayBiotech carries a lysis buffer (cat# EL-Lysis) which may be purchased separately. If the researcher prefers to prepare their own lysis buffer, they should review the guidelines stated at this link:

Tips on Sample Preparation

In brief, a lysis buffer used with RayBio ELISAs must meet the following specifications:

  • Has relatively low salt content (700 mM or less)
  • Does not contain sodium azide
  • Does not contain >0.1% SDS or other strongly denaturing surfactant
  • Does not contain >10 mM reducing agents (β-mercaptoethanol or dithiothreitol)

Buffers optimized for immunoprecipitation, such as RIPA buffer, generally meet these specifications.

  • Serum and plasma (based on normal healthy donors) - The recommended dilution ranges are indicated in the product manual, in Section V (Reagent Preparation).
  • Conditioned medium - The analyte levels depend entirely on the experimental conditions, thus optimal dilution factors must be determined empirically. However in general we recommend starting with no dilution or a 1:2 dilution of conditioned medium.
  • Lysates - We recommend 5-fold or greater to ensure minimal interference from lysis buffer detergents.
  • Other body fluids (saliva, CSF, urine, tears, BAL fluid, milk, etc.) - Optimal dilution ranges vary widely and should be determined by the researcher.

If you’re unsure where to start, the technical support team can assist you in locating a publication referencing a RayBio kit with a sample type similar to yours.

If your standard curve OD signals are low (highest standard < 0.7), please consider the following tips and best practices:

  • It is critical to briefly centrifuge the vials of Detection Antibody and Standard before opening, as the powders or liquid concentrates can collect inside the cap.
  • After reconstituting the standard with Assay Diluent, the liquid may be gently mixed by either pipetting up and down, or by alternately inverting and flicking the vial several times. The vial should then be centrifuged briefly to collect the liquid at the bottom of the tube. Vortexing is generally not recommended.
  • Weak signals may also be caused by inaccurate dilution of the Detection Antibody or HRP-Streptavidin. Double check the preparation of these reagents, as even a slight variation can produce a noticeable difference in signal.
  • Using shorter incubation times than what is recommended in the manual can cause lower signals. Conversely, incubating the standards overnight at 4˚C can boost the overall signals on the microplate.
  • After Stop Solution is added to each well, the OD should be read at 450 nm immediately. The color fades quickly, resulting in decreased OD’s.

When troubleshooting low OD, RayBiotech recommends preparing a fresh stock of standard (each kit comes with an extra vial of Item C) and retest using the tips above.

Low overall signals arise from a problem in the detection process – i.e., the Detection Antibody, HRP-Streptavidin or TMB One-Step Substrate). Please consider the following tips and best practices:

  • Detection Antibody – Be sure to centrifuge before reconstitution. Once reconstituted, this reagent must be used within a day or two. Each vial contains enough antibody for half of a plate (48 wells). Two tubes are provided in each kit.
  • HRP-Streptavidin – This reagent comes as a liquid concentrate. Before withdrawing any liquid from the tube, be sure to centrifuge the vial and pipet up and down to mix thoroughly, as precipitation may form in storage.
  • After dilution, the HRP-streptavidin solution must be used the same day. Discard the unused portion.
  • Never dilute the HRP-Streptavidin with Assay Diluent A. This diluent contains sodium azide, an inhibitor of HRP activity.
  • TMB One-Step Substrate - This component is stable for 6 months at 4˚C, but must be protected from light exposure.
  • Pre-coated Microplate – After opening the moisture barrier bag, any unused microplate strips must be stored at 4°C and used within 1 month. Return unused strips to the bag containing the desiccant pack, and reseal the bag along the entire edge.
  • Adhere to the kit storage guidelines (4˚C for 6 months or -20˚C for 1 year). Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

Common causes of high background include:

  • Too much HRP-Streptavidin can cause high background. To ensure the correct concentration of HRP-Streptavidin, briefly centrifuge the vial of (Item G) and pipet up and down to mix gently before using to dissolve any precipitate which may have formed during storage.
  • Too much Detection Antibody may also contribute to high background. Ensure the correct dilution of Biotinylated Antibody is used.
  • Long incubation times of sample and standard can cause high background. Please adhere to the recommended incubation times in the manual.
  • High background may be introduced if the plate is insufficiently washed or if the Wash Buffer is contaminated. Wash Buffer must be removed completely from the wells after each wash. An automated plate washer or multi-channel pipettor is recommended for best results. Never use a wash bottle to fill the wells with Wash Buffer.

Matrix effects are a common cause of non-linear dilution responses. This can occur when proteins or other components within the sample affect the immunoreactivity of the target molecule. These matrix components can also affect the ability of the antibody to recognize its target within the sample. Auto-antibodies, binding proteins, hemolysis, or certain disease states (e.g. highly lipemic samples) can contribute to this phenomenon. If matrix effects are suspected, centrifuge the sample and dilute further. When testing serum or plasma, a minimum 2-fold dilution is always recommended to avoid matrix effects.

Common causes of high well-to-well variability include:

  • Pipet performance – be sure pipets are calibrated and functioning properly
  • Bubbles in wells
  • Incomplete washing – ensure complete removal of wash buffer after each wash.
  • Using a wash bottle to wash the wells – a pipet or a plate washer is recommended.
  • Incomplete reagent mixing (particularly the Detection Antibody).

Still have questions?

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