Protein Name & Synonyms:
Ricin B Chain
ELISA, Western Blotting
IgG concentration 1.0mg/ml
This product recognizes the B chain of the ricin toxin (RCA60), a 60kDa glycoprotein. It has no cross-reactivity with agglutinin RCA120.
The ricin toxin consists of two chains, A and B, covalently linked by a disulfide bond. The A chain acts as a glycosidase that removes an adenine residue from the 28S rRNA. The area from which the adenine is removed is essential for binding of elongation factors, destroying it leaves the ribosome inactive and unable to support protein synthesis. The A chain can inactivate a few thousand ribosomes per minute, much faster than the cell can replace them, meaning that a single ricin A chain can kill a cell.
The B chain binds to complex carbohydrates on the cell surface to facilitate entry of the A chain into the cell. Without the B chain, the A chain has very low toxicity.
Ricin is easily extracted from the castor bean (Ricinus communis), and the lethal dose for humans is very small. It is toxic when inhaled, ingested or injected and there is no known antidote, although a vaccine has been developed. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive, with long term organ damage likely in survivors. The ease of extraction and distribution makes it a potential candidate for biological warfare although it is less stable than other agents, such as anthrax.
Store at +4 °C or at -20 °C if preferred.
Storage in frost-free freezers is not recommended.
This product should be stored undiluted. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing as this may denature the antibody. Should this product contain a precipitate we recommend microcentrifugation before use.
If stored in this manner, this product is stable for 18 months after receipt.
Purified IgG - liquid
Phosphate buffered saline