30 pg/ml - 6000 pg/ml
Recommended Dilution (serum & plasma):
This ELISA kit shows no cross-reactivity with any of the cytokines tested: Human ANG, CD23, Eotaxin, GCSF, GM-CSF, GRO-alpha, GRO-beta, GRO-gamma, I-309, IFN-gamma, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 (p40), IL-12 (p70), IL-15, IL-16, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, MCSF, MIG, MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, NAP-2, PDGF, PF-4
Number of Targets Detected:
Compatible Sample Types:
- Cell Culture Supernatants
- Cell Lysates
- Tissue Lysates
Method of Detection:
1, 2, or 5 x 96-Well Strip Microplate Kit
Protein Name & Synonyms:
Tumor necrosis factor (Cachectin) (TNF-alpha) (Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2) (TNF-a) [Cleaved into: Tumor necrosis factor, membrane form (N-terminal fragment) (NTF) Intracellular domain 1 (ICD1) Intracellular domain 2 (ICD2) C-domain 1 C-domain 2 Tumor necrosis factor, soluble form]
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), also known as lymphotoxin and cachectin, is a pleiotropic cytokine. TNF alpha is a smaller cytokine with a molecular weight of 26 kDa (transmembrane) and 17 kDa (soluble) that binds to the same receptors producing a vast array of effects similar to those of TNF-beta. Both TNF-alpha and TNF-beta share 30% amino acid homology and have similar biological activities. TNF-alpha is produced primarily by monocytes, neutrophils and macrophages. It is found in synovial cells and macrophages in the tissues. TNF-alpha and TNF-beta can modulate many immune and inflammatory functions, while having the ability to inhibit tumor growth. Target tumor cells must express TNF receptors 1 (55 kDa) and 2 (75 kDa) to be killed, with the p55 receptor mediating the cytotoxic response.
- Strip plates and additional reagents allow for use in multiple experiments
- Quantitative protein detection
- Establishes normal range
- The best products for confirmation of antibody array data
|Sample Type||Average % Recovery||Range (%)|
|Cell culture media||96.43||84-104|
|Â ||Â ||Serum||Plasma||Cell Culture Media|
|1:2||Average % of expected|
|1:4||Average % of expected|
- Pre-Coated 96-well Strip Microplate
- Wash Buffer
- Stop Solution
- Assay Diluent(s)
- Lyophilized Standard
- Biotinylated Detection Antibody
- Streptavidin-Conjugated HRP
- TMB One-Step Substrate
Other Materials Required
- Distilled or deionized water
- Precision pipettes to deliver 2 Âµl to 1 Âµl volumes
- Adjustable 1-25 Âµl pipettes for reagent preparation
- 100 Âµl and 1 liter graduated cylinders
- Tubes to prepare standard and sample dilutions
- Absorbent paper
- Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450nm
- Log-log graph paper or computer and software for ELISA data analysis
- Prepare all reagents, samples and standards as instructed in the manual.
- Add 100 Âµl of standard or sample to each well.
- Incubate 2.5 h at RT or O/N at 4Â°C.
- Add 100 Âµl of prepared biotin antibody to each well.
- Incubate 1 h at RT.
- Add 100 Âµl of prepared Streptavidin solution to each well.
- Incubate 45 min at RT.
- Add 100 Âµl of TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent to each well.
- Incubate 30 min at RT.
- Add 50 Âµl of Stop Solution to each well.
- Read at 450 nm immediately.
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The entire kit may be stored at -20Â°C for up to 1 year from the date of shipment. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The kit may be stored at 4Â°C for up to 6 months. For extended storage, it is recommended to store at -80Â°C.