Human TNF-alpha ELISA

$398.00
ELH-TNFa-1

RayBio® Human TNF alpha ELISA Kit for cell culture supernatants, plasma, and serum samples.

Product Features

Sensitivity
30 pg/ml

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Detection Range
30 pg/ml - 6000 pg/ml
Recommended Dilution (serum & plasma)
2 fold
Additional Notes
  • Strip plates and additional reagents allow for use in multiple experiments
  • Quantitative protein detection
  • Establishes normal range
  • The best products for confirmation of antibody array data

Specificity

This ELISA kit shows no cross-reactivity with any of the cytokines tested: Human ANG, CD23, Eotaxin, GCSF, GM-CSF, GRO-alpha, GRO-beta, GRO-gamma, I-309, IFN-gamma, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 (p40), IL-12 (p70), IL-15, IL-16, IP-10, MCP-1, MCP-2, MCP-3, MCP-4, MCSF, MIG, MIP-1 alpha, MIP-1 beta, NAP-2, PDGF, PF-4
Species Detected
Human
Protein Name & Synonyms
Tumor necrosis factor (Cachectin) (TNF-alpha) (Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2) (TNF-a)
Accession Number
Gene Names
TNF, TNFA, TNFSF2
Gene ID
7124

Standard Curves

Spiking & Recovery Results

Linearity Results

Application Notes

Kit Components
  • Pre-Coated 96-well Strip Microplate
  • Wash Buffer
  • Stop Solution
  • Assay Diluent(s)
  • Lyophilized Standard
  • Biotinylated Detection Antibody
  • Streptavidin-Conjugated HRP
  • TMB One-Step Substrate
Other Materials Required
  • Distilled or deionized water
  • Precision pipettes to deliver 2 µl to 1 µl volumes
  • Adjustable 1-25 µl pipettes for reagent preparation
  • 100 µl and 1 liter graduated cylinders
  • Tubes to prepare standard and sample dilutions
  • Absorbent paper
  • Microplate reader capable of measuring absorbance at 450nm
  • Log-log graph paper or computer and software for ELISA data analysis
Protocol Outline
  1. Prepare all reagents, samples and standards as instructed in the manual.
  2. Add 100 µl of standard or sample to each well.
  3. Incubate 2.5 h at RT or O/N at 4°C.
  4. Add 100 µl of prepared biotin antibody to each well.
  5. Incubate 1 h at RT.
  6. Add 100 µl of prepared Streptavidin solution to each well.
  7. Incubate 45 min at RT.
  8. Add 100 µl of TMB One-Step Substrate Reagent to each well.
  9. Incubate 30 min at RT.
  10. Add 50 µl of Stop Solution to each well.
  11. Read at 450 nm immediately.

Storage/Stability

The entire kit may be stored at -20°C for up to 1 year from the date of shipment. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The kit may be stored at 4°C for up to 6 months. For extended storage, it is recommended to store at -80°C.

Antigen Information

Gene Symbol:
  • TNF

Product Specifications

Size:
1, 2, or 5 x 96-Well Strip Microplate Kit

Array/ELISA Format

Species Detected:
  • Human
Solid Support:
96-well Microplate
Design Principle:
  • Sandwich-based
Quantitative/Semi-Quantitative:
Quantitative
Method of Detection:
Colorimetric
Compatible Sample Types:
  • Serum
  • Plasma
  • Cell Culture Supernatants

  1. Hussein N., Sharara G. Correlation between serum leptin, cytokines, cartilage degradation and functional impact in obese knee osteoarthritis patients. The Egyptian Rheumatologist. Volume 38, Issue 2, April 2016, Pages 117-122
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  2. Liu Z., Sun C., Tao R., et al. Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Decelerates Rheumatoid Arthritis Progression by Inhibiting Inflammatory Responses and Joint Destruction via Modulating NF-κ and MAPK Pathways. Inflammation. 2016 Feb;39(1):248-56. doi: 10.1007/s10753-015-0245-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  3. Zhang L., Wang X., Miao Y., et al. Magnetic ferroferric oxide nanoparticles induce vascular endothelial cell dysfunction and inflammation by disturbing autophagy. J Hazard Mater. 2016 Mar 5;304:186-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.10.041
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  4. Yu Y., Li X., Qu L., et al. DXXK exerts anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting the lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κ/COX-2 signalling pathway and the expression of inflammatory mediators. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Feb 3;178:199-208. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.11.016.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  5. Gao Q., Camous X., Lu Y., et al. Novel inflammatory markers associated with cognitive performance: Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Studies. Neurobiol Aging. 2016 Mar;39:140-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2015.12.002.

  6. Kumar M., Bandy
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  7. Filkova M., Vernerova Z., Hulejova H., et al. Pro-inflammatory effects of interleukin-35 in rheumatoid arthritis. Cytokine. 2015 May;73(1):36-43. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2015.01.019.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  8. Lira D., Panissa V., Julio U., Franchini E. Differences in metabolic and inflammatory responses in lower and upper body high-intensity intermittent exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2015 Jul;115(7):1467-74. doi: 10.1007/s00421-015-3127-7
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  9. Siriwardhana N, Layman R, Karwandyar A, Patel S, Tage B, et al. (2012) Inflammatory Cytokines Link Obesity and Breast Cancer. J Metabolic Synd 1:102. doi: 10.4172/2167-0943.1000102
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  10. Malarkodi T., Sathasivasubramanian S. Int J Dent. 2015; 2015: 283465, 2015 Mar 15. doi: 10.1155/2015/283465
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Saliva

  11. Malarkodi T., Sathasivasubramanian S. Int J Dent. 2015; 2015: 283465, 2015 Mar 15. doi: 10.1155/2015/283465
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Saliva

  12. Li J., Chai Q., Zhang Y., et al. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mce3E suppresses host innate immune responses by targeting ERK1/2 signaling. J Immunol. 2015 Apr 15;194(8):3756-67. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1402679.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  13. Zeng J., Xiang W., Lin D., et al. Elevated HMGB1-related interleukin-6 is associated with dynamic responses of monocytes in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Feb 1;8(2):1341-53.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma

  14. Zeng J., Xiang W., Lin D., et al. Elevated HMGB1-related interleukin-6 is associated with dynamic responses of monocytes in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Feb 1;8(2):1341-53.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  15. Zeng J., Xiang W., Lin D., et al. Elevated HMGB1-related interleukin-6 is associated with dynamic responses of monocytes in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Feb 1;8(2):1341-53.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Sputum

  16. Sennikov S., Alshevskaya A., Shkaruba N., et al. Expression of TNFα membrane-bound receptors in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMBC) in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Cytokine. 2015 Jun;73(2):288-94. doi: 10.1016/j.cyto.2015.01.015.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  17. Jiang H., Ling Z., Zhang Y., et al. Altered fecal microbiota composition in patients with major depressive disorder. Brain Behav Immun. 2015 Aug;48:186-94. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2015.03.016
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  18. Karaduman B., Uraz A., Altan G., et al. Changes of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-10, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase5b in the crevicular fluid in relation to orthodontic movement European Journal of Inflammation April 2015 vol. 13 no. 1 3-13. doi: 10.1177/1721727X15573917
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Gingival Crevicular Fluid

  19. Gupta M., Chari S. Predictive value of inflammatory Cytokines in preeclampsia. International Journal of Biomedical and Advance Research 2015; 6(04): 334-338.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  20. Al-Hakeim H., Al-Rammahi D., Al-Dujaili A. IL-6, IL-18, sIL-2R, and TNFα proinflammatory markers in depression and schizophrenia patients who are free of overt inflammation. J Affect Disord. 2015 Aug 15;182:106-14. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.04.044
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  21. Zhang X., Yu C., Liu J., et al. Qizhi Jiangtang Jiaonang Improves Insulin Signaling and Reduces Inflammatory Cytokine Secretion and Reactive Oxygen Species Formation in Insulin Resistant HepG2 Cells. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative MedicineVolume 2015, Article ID 518639, 8 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/518639
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  22. Shabaan A., Nasef N., Shouman B., et al. Pentoxifylline Therapy for Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants A Randomized Controlled Trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015 Jun;34(6):e143-8. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000698.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  23. Bakry R., Sayed D., Sayed S., et al. The immunological role of monocytes and their cytokines in patients with breast cancer undergoing paravertebral analgesia. Comp Clin Pathol (2015) 24:1573-1577, DOI 10.1007/s00580-015-2118-8
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  24. Szukiewicz D., Wojciechowska M., Bilska A., et al. Aspirin Action in Endothelial Cells: Different Patterns of Response Between Chemokine CX3CL1/CX3CR1 and TNF-α/TNFR1 Signaling Pathways. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2015 Jun;29(3):219-29. doi: 10.1007/s10557-015-6589-2.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  25. Zhang H., Zhao C., Wang S., et al. Anti-dsDNA antibodies induce inflammation via endoplasmic reticulum stress in human mesangial cells. J Transl Med. 2015 Jun 4;13:178. doi: 10.1186/s12967-015-0536-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  26. Nobili V., Alisi A., Cutrera R., et al. Altered gut-liver axis and hepatic adiponectin expression in OSAS: novel mediators of liver injury in paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver. Thorax. 2015 Aug;70(8):769-81. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-206782
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  27. Liu Y., Liao J., Zhao M., et al. Increased expression of TLR2 in CD4(+) T cells from SLE patients enhances immune reactivity and promotes IL-17 expression through histone modifications. Eur J Immunol. 2015 Sep;45(9):2683-93. doi: 10.1002/eji.201445219.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  28. Khedr M., Behairy B, Hussein M., et al. Monocyte-derived dendritic cells in children with chronic hepatitis C: correlation with interferon and ribavirin therapy. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology: October 2015 - Volume 27 - Issue 10 - p 1170-1174. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000000422
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: N/A

  29. Wang L., Hitron J., Wise J., et al. Ethanol enhances arsenic-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression via both NFAT and NF-κ signalings in colorectal cancer cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2015 Oct 15;288(2):232-9. doi: 10.1016/j.taap.2015.07.019
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  30. Kapil S., Duseja A., Sharma B., et al. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and toll-like receptor signaling in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Jan;31(1):213-21. doi: 10.1111/jgh.13058.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  31. Wu X., Zheng B., Jin L., et al. Chinese medicine Tongxinluo reduces atherosclerotic lesion by attenuating oxidative stress and inflammation in microvascular endothelial cells. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015; 8(6): 6323-6333.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  32. Abdel-Latif M. Plasma Levels of Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α in Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Patients. Open Microbiol J. 2015 Aug 31;9:136-40. doi: 10.2174/1874285801509010136.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma

  33. Zhang W., Tang Z., Zhu X., et al.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  34. Mohamed W., Schaalan M., El-κhar H. Camel Milk: Potential Utility as an Adjunctive Therapy to Peg-IFN/RBV in HCV-4 Infected Patients in Egypt. Nutr Cancer. 2015;67(8):1305-13. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2015.1087041.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  35. Zhai H., Chen Q., Gao X., et al. Inhibition of the NF-κ pathway by R65 ribozyme gene via adeno-associated virus serotype 9 ameliorated oxidized LDL induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell injury. Int J Clin Exp Pathol. 2015 Sep 1;8(9):9912-21.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  36. Bakry, R., Sayed, D., Sayed, S. et al. The immunological role of monocytes and their cytokines in patients with breast cancer undergoing paravertebral analgesia, Comp Clin Pathol (2015) 24: 1573. doi:10.1007/s00580-015-2118-8
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  37. Kapelouzou A., Tsourelis L., Kaklamanis L., et al. Serum and tissue biomarkers in aortic stenosis. Glob Cardiol Sci Pract. 2015 Nov 13;2015(4):49. doi: 10.5339/gcsp.2015.49
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  38. Wang P., Ma X., He Y., et al. Effect of p38 mitogen-activate protein kinase on MUC5AC protein expression of bile duct epithelial cells in hepatolithiasis patients.

  39. Bhaktha G., et al. SERUM TNF-α AND LEPTIN LEVELS IN GRADED OBESE DIABETIC WOMEN- FREE FROM MICRO AND MACRO VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS. IJPCBS 2014, 4(3), 648-653
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  40. Bishayi B., et al. Expression of CXCR1 (Interleukin-8 Receptor) in Murine Macrophages After Staphylococcus aureus Infection and its Possible Implication on Intracellular Survival Correlating with Cytokines and Bacterial Anti-Oxidant Enzymes. Inflammation August 2014, Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1007/s10753-014-9991-1
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  41. Chhabra G.S., Kulkarni K.S. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory activity of Vitex agnus castus leaves. Quantitative analysis of flavonoids as possible active constituents. ~ 183 ~Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2014; 3 (1): 183-189
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Serum

  42. Duan J, Yu Y, Yu Y, et al. Silica nanoparticles induce autophagy and endothelial dysfunction via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway. International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014;9:5131-5141. doi:10.2147/IJN.S71074.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  43. Gao, S., Dine, J., et al. Anti-inflammatory and Anti-apoptotic Effect of Combined Treatment with Methylprednisolone and Amniotic Membrane Mesenchymal Stem Cells After Spinal Cord Injury in Rats. Neurochemical Research 2014. Epub Ahead of Print DOI:10.1007/s11064-014-1344-9
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Tissue Lysate

  44. Gheita T., Azkalany G., Gaber E., Mohey A. Clinical significance of serum TNFα and -308 G/A promoter polymorphism in rheumatoid arthritis. The Egyptian Rheumatologist (2014), Epub Ahead of Print. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejr.2014.07.001
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  45. Rattray B., Steel J., Semple S., Ramirez R., Abhayaratna WP. Short-term eccentric exercise in newly diagnosed type II diabetics: an exploratory study. Sport Sciences for Health, June 2014 Epub ahead of print
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma

  46. Shaker MJ., et al. Immunological Study of Women Infected with Trichomonas vaginalis Parasite in Baghdad city. International Journal of Science and Research. Volume 3 Issue 9, September 2014,
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  47. Moore Q., Smith C., Wolf S., et al. Examining the immune response of pneumolysin exposed human corneal epithelial cells in a keratitis model. BIOS 85(4):199-206. 2014. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1893/0005-3155-85.4.199
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  48. Gheita T., Azkalany G., Gaber W., Mahoy A. Clinical significance of serum TNFa and -308 G/A promoter polymorphism in rheumatoid arthritis. The Egyptian Rheumatologist, In Press Jyly 2104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejr.2014.07.001
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  49. Deangelo DJ, Mesa RA, Fiskus W, et al. Phase II trial of panobinostat, an oral pan-deacetylase inhibitor in patients with primary myelofibrosis, post-essential thrombocythaemia, and post-polycythaemia vera myelofibrosis. Br J Haematol. 2013 Aug;162(3):326-335.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Plasma

  50. Ertugrul AS, Sahin H, Dikilitas A, et al. Comparison of CCL28, interleukin-8, interleukin-1β and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in subjects with gingivitis, chronic periodontitis and generalized aggressive periodontitis. J Periodont Res. 2013 Feb;48(1):44-51.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Gingival Crevicular Fluid

  51. Fukumoto J, Fukumoto I, Parthasarathy PT, et al. NLRP3 Deletion Protects from Hyperoxia-Induced Acute Lung Injury. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2013 Jul;305(2):C182-C189.
    Species: Mouse
    Sample Type: BAL Fluid

  52. Hung P., Tsai H., Lin C., Hung K. Abdominal Obesity is Associated with Peripheral Artery Disease in Hemodialysis Patients. PLOS One Published: August 02, 2013 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0069424
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  53. Leow K-Y, Goh WWB, Tan S-Z, et al. Variant screening of the serum amyloid A1 gene and functional study of the p.Gly90Asp variant for its role in atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis. 2013 Mar;227(1):112-117.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  54. Llamas-Covarrubias MA, Valle Y, Bucala R, et al. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF): Genetic evidence for participation in early onset and early stage rheumatoid arthritis. Cytokine. 2013;61(3):759-765.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  55. Omoomi FD. Molecular Chlorambucil-Methionine Conjugate: Novel Anti-cancer Agent against Breast MCF-7 Cell Model. J Cancer Sci Therapy. 2013;05(02).
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  56. Rocher, Crystal, and Dinender K. Singla. "SMAD-PI3K-Akt-mTOR Pathway Mediates BMP-7 Polarization of Monocytes into M2 Macrophages." PLoS One. NCBI, 20 Dec. 2013. Web.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  57. Verma P, Dalal K. Serum cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in knee osteoarthritis: A novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker. J Orthop Res. 2013 Jul;31(7):999-1006.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  58. Wu SJ, Lu TM, Lai MN, Ng LT. Immunomodulatory Activities of Medicinal Mushroom Grifola frondosa Extract and Its Bioactive Constituent. Am J Chin Med. 2013;41:131. doi: 10.1142/S0192415X13500109
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  59. Fermoselle C., Rabinovich R., Ausin P., et al. Does oxidative stress modulate limb muscle atrophy in severe COPD patients? Eur Respir J. 2012 Oct;40(4):851-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Tissue Lysate

  60. Filková M, Hulejová H, Kuncová K, et al. Resistin in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Arthritis Research & Therapy. 2012;14(3):R111. doi:10.1186/ar3836.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  61. Rocher C., Singla R., Singal P., et al. Bone morphogenetic protein 7 polarizes THP-1 cells into M2 macrophages. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012 Jul;90(7):947-51. doi: 10.1139/y2012-102.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  62. Sarangi A., Mohapatra P., Dalai R. Serum cytokine TNF-alpha and hemoglobin levels in Plasmodium falciparum malaria - A correlative study in coastal districts of Odisha
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  63. Siriwardhana N, Layman R, Karwandyar A, Patel S, Tage B, et al. (2012) Inflammatory Cytokines Link Obesity and Breast Cancer. J Metabolic Synd 1:102. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000102
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Cell Lysate

  64. Siriwardhana N, Layman R, Karwandyar A, Patel S, Tage B, et al. (2012) Inflammatory Cytokines Link Obesity and Breast Cancer. J Metabolic Synd 1:102. doi:10.4172/2167-0943.1000102
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  65. Sadik N., Mohamed W., Ahmed M. The association of receptor of advanced glycated end products and inflammatory mediators contributes to endothelial dysfunction in a prospective study of acute kidney injury patients with sepsis. Mol Cell Biochem. 2012 Jan;359(1-2):73-81. doi: 10.1007/s11010-011-1001-4.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  66. Tsai H., Chen P., Liu C., et al. Association of hepatitis C virus infection and malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012 Mar;27(3):1176-83. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfr458.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  67. Goktas C., Cosun A., Bicik Z., et al. Evaluating ESWL-induced renal injury based on urinary TNF-α, IL-1α, and IL-6 levels. Urol Res. 2012 Oct;40(5):569-73.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Urine

  68. Liou H., Shih C., Chao Y., et al. Inflammatory response to colloids compared to crystalloid priming in cardiac surgery patients with cardiopulmonary bypass. Chin J Physiol. 2012 Jun 30;55(3):210-8. doi: 10.4077/CJP.2012.AMM122.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  69. Proksch S., Steinberg T., Keller C., et al. Human saliva exposure modulates bone cell performance in vitro. Clin Oral Investig. 2012 Feb;16(1):69-77. doi: 10.1007/s00784-010-0506-7.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

  70. Raza A., Zaman N., Arshad B., et al. Mutations in ISDR may be linked to high viremia and virus resistance to IFN-alpha-κ but responsive to PEG-IFN-alpha-2a. Intl J of Sci Emerging Tech, Vol-4 No 3 September 2012 153 - 158
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  71. Mahmoud T., Abdelbaky A., Hassan S., et al. Admission Hyperglycemia: is it a Predictor of the Outcome of Postoperative Mechanically-ventilated ICU Patients? Journal of American Science 2012;8(9) 1039-1046
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  72. Azkalany G., Gheita T., Gaber W., Mohey A. Clinical significance of serum TNFα and -308 G/A promoter polymorphism and serum Il-6 and -174 G/C promoter polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus patient. The Egyptian Rheumatologist Volume 34, Issue 3, July 2012, Pages 119-125
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  73. Cuchacovich, Raquel, et al. "Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-blockade-induced hepatic sarcoidosis in psoriatic arthritis (PsA): case report and review of the literature." Clinical rheumatology 30.1 (2011): 133-137.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  74. Perez-Garcia JL., et al. Identification of TNF-a and MMP-9 as potential baseline predictive serum markers of sunitinib activity in patients with renal cell carcinoma using a human cytokine array. British Journal of Cancer (2009) 101, 1876 - 1883
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum

  75. Wu S-J, No L-T. Tetrandrine Inhibits Proinflammatory Cytokines, iNOS and COX-2 Expression in Human Monocytic Cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2007;30:59-62.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Conditioned Media

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This product is furnished for LABORATORY RESEARCH USE ONLY.
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